“Put Universal Conflict, Theme, and Emotions in Your Story” by Joan Y. Edwards
Editors ask: What is the universal theme of your story? information book? article? poem?
What do you answer? Are you clueless? Perhaps I can help.
I went to the Oregon Coast Children’s Book Writers Workshop in Oceanside, Oregon from July 12-16, 2010. I was sharing a poem I wrote. The editor wanted to know what was my poem’s universal theme. What I had thought was a universal theme was really not universal. It was regional or subjective. Therefore, I did research to find out more about the subject of universal theme.
But first you have to know what your conflict is. To gain more readership, make your conflict one of the universal conflicts listed below.
What does the main character want that he cannot get or have?
Conflict adds excitement and suspense to the story.
What disturbed him beyond belief? What is the cause of distress for the main character?
What disrupts the business as usual of the main character?
What happens that the main character may try to ignore but cannot? He has to deal with this problem, internally and externally.
The internal conflict comes when the main character has to choose between two solutions to the problem: one moral, one immoral; one against his family rules; one against club’s rules; one that might hurt his friend, one that might hurt himself; one that might win the trust of his friends, one that would make him untrustworthy, one that makes him a liar, one that makes him tell the truth; mixed emotions add the tension to the story and make people want to read it to find out what the main character decided to do and what the consequences were for his actions….did it bring him closer to the goal, or bring him to his last breath.
In a story you have one of the following universal conflicts played out:
Man against Man
Man against Self
Man against Nature
Man against Society
Man against Family
Man against the Universe
Man against Machines
Man against Institutions
Man against God
Man against Time
Man against Destiny
Never fear: Your story will probably fit into one of the universal conflicts listed above.
Goals Main Characters Struggle for, Search for, Need, Want
Acceptance, Admiration, Ambition, Approval, Attention, Authority, Awareness, Beauty. Belief, Belonging, Choices, Commitment, Community, Compassion, Cooperation, Courage, Dedication, Dream, Education, Equality, Experience, Faith, Family, Friendship, Godly love, Good, Gratitude, Heroes /Heroic Figures and Actions, Honesty, Honor, Hope, Human Relationships, Humor, Identity, Independence, Individuality, Innocence, Justice, Laughter, Law and Order, Live forever, Love, Loyalty, Marriage, Money, Morality,
Nature, Nonviolence, Passion, Peace, Perseverance, Possibilities, Power, Principles, Rebirth, Redemption, Religion, Respect, Responsibility, Romance, Sex, Spiritual enlightenment, Success, Taxes, Time, Trust, Truth, Understanding.
Forces Opposing Main Character, Keep Him from Reaching His Goal, Struggle Against, Has to Triumph Over, Doesn’t Want, Opposite of Goal, Perils of, What the Main Character Doesn’t want:
Accusation, Alienation, Ambition, Authority, Beliefs, Betrayal, Blame, Challenge, church, Coming of Age, Competition, Corruption, Country, County, Court, Crime, Death, Deception, Despair, Destruction, Disallusionment of adulthood, Disapproval, Distrust, Envy, Etiquette, Evil, Faith, Family, Fate, Fear, Forbidden, Freedom, Future, Government, Greed, Grief, Guilt, Handicap, Hatred, Hospital, Initiation, Injustice, Institutions, Jail, Jealousy, Justice, Lack of compassion, Lies, Loss, Materialism, Nation, Nature, Nature as dangerous, Oppression, Past, Power, Persecution, Poverty, Prejudice, Pride, Prison, Problems, Punishment, Rebelling, Rejection, Religion, Responsibility, Revenge, Rules, Sacrifice, Schools, Self-Doubt, Shame, Society, Taxes, Time, Town, Tragedy, Vengeance, Village, Vulnerability, War.
After you finish writing your story or when you’ve finished your outline, what has your main character learned from his conflict? What did the main character learn in his battle against one of the conflicts listed above? This is the theme. Make it a universal theme shared by all mankind, so that all of mankind will want to read your book.
The Universal Theme
The universal theme is the story’s (author’s) view about life and how people behave. It is the statement the story makes about society, human nature, or the human condition that the author wants to convey to readers. It’s an observation about life that can apply to any and everyone representing the conflicts, dreams, hopes, and fears across cultures and continents, and from generation to generation. It could be the moral to the story, a teaching, or an observation. It transcends race, gender, sexual preference, and creed. Some examples are love, peace, friendship, and other concepts about life.
Universal themes exist because people worldwide go through the common human experiences of being born, experiencing anguish and joy, and dying come from emotions and that touch and can apply to any and all cultures, genders, ages, sexual preference, creeds, geography, historical periods, and genres.
The universal theme is the story’s (author’s) view about life and how people behave in a particular situation. It is a statement the story makes about society, human nature, or the human condition through the author’s words and characters. The theme is universal when it transcends race, gender, sexual preference, creed. cultures, continents, and generations representing the conflicts, dreams, hopes, and fears such as: love, peace, friendship, and other concepts about life that can apply to any and everyone.
Charlotte’s Web by E.B. White
Conflict of Nature against death
You do not have to worry about dying and death. It’s a natural thing.
Law and Order Television Series by Dick Wolf
Conflict of Good over Evil – Dick Wolf presents both sides of the issues
Even with the latest technology and evidence, police and district attorneys do not always win their cases against evil.
Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare
Love against society, family, death
Love can be so passionate that one would prefer death to living without the loved one.
Here are links I went to find information about universal themes:
Universal Emotions -
Emotions Are Universal.
Put emotions in your story. It makes your characters come alive. One way to make your story have universal appeal is to add the tension of opposing emotions. We all feel mixed emotions every day. Should we do this? We shouldn’t do that. It’s smart to do this. How could I be so stupid? How could he be so naive? What’s the wisest choice? What are my choices? Do I get a choice? When a character has two or three choices and none of them are very good, it’s tension time for reading and living, and it makes the reader want to turn the page.
All people experience emotions. Putting believable emotions into your story will help it reach more readers.
Here are Paul Ekman’s Big Six Emotions
Ekman’s Eleven Other Basic Emotions
Pride in achievement
The Sedona Method by Hale Dwoskin gives nine emotions
Nine States of Emotional Empowerment by Swati Chopra
Swati Chopra from New Delhi, India says the nine rasas are:
Distress (hunger, discomfort)
Here are websites with information about emotions:
http://library.thinkquest.org/25500/index2.htm Great gives text descriptions of body when feeling 6 basic emotions
http://www.clipartguide.com/_search_terms/feelings.html Great! Pictures matched with emotions
I hope you enjoyed my blog post. I hope I enlightened you, rather than confused you. Please let me know if I helped you make your writing appeal to more people, to make it more universally appealing. Capture this universal appeal and you’ll capture an editor’s heart!
If you haven’t subscribed to my blog, I would be honored if you would. The sixth person to subscribe to my blog after May 12, 2010 from the left hand column where it says, “Sign Me Up Here,” will receive a free paperback copy of my book, Flip Flap Floodle, a little duck who never gives up on his song. Don’t give up on your writing. Never Give Up on winning and resolving conflicts that come your way.
You are a published author in your mind, before you get that way on paper. You can do it. Yes, you can.
Please write a comment below.
Joan Y. Edwards
Copyright 2010 Joan Y. Edwards. All rights reserved.
Filed under: Writing Tagged: | Acceptance, Accusation, Admiration, Alienation, Ambition, amusement, anger, anticipation, apathy, Approval, Attention, Authority, Awareness, awe, Beauty. Belief, Beliefs, Belonging, Betrayal, blame, bring him closer to goal, Challenge, choices, church, Coming of Age, commitment, Community, compassion, Competition, Conflicts, consequences, Cooperation, Corruption, Country, County, courage, courageousness, Court, Crime, Death, Deception, decisions, Dedication, Despair, Destruction, Disallusionment of adulthood, Disapproval, discomfort, disgust, disrupt, distress, Distrust, disturb, dream, dreams, Education, Emotions, Envy, Equality, Etiquette, Evil, excitement, Experience, external conflict, Faith, Family, Fate, fear, fears, Forbidden, Freedom, friendship, Future, Godly love, Good, Government, Gratitude, Greed, Grief, Guilt, Handicap, happiness, Hatred, Heroes /Heroic Figures and Actions, Honesty, Honor, hope, hopes, Hospital, human nature, Human Relationships, humor, hunger, Identity, Independence, Individuality, Initiation, Injustice, Innocence, Institutions, internal conflict, Jail, Jealousy, Justice, Lack of compassion, laugher, Laughter, Law and Order, Lies, Live forever, Loss, love, Loyalty, lust, Main characters want, man against family, man against God, man against institutions, man against machines, Man against Man, man against nature, man against self, man against society, man against the universe, man against time, Marriage, Materialism, mixed emotions adds tension to the story, Money, Morality, Nation, Nature, Nature as dangerous, neither good ones, Nonviolence, Oppression, or bring him to his last breath, or the human condition, Passion, Past, peace, Persecution, Perseverance, possibilities, Poverty, Power, Prejudice, Pride, pride in achievement, Principles, Prison, Problems, Punishment, Rebelling, Rebirth, Redemption, Rejection, relief, Religion, research, respect, Responsibility, Revenge, Romance, Rules, Sacrifice, sadness, satisfaction, Schools, Self-Doubt, sensory pleasure, Sex, Shame, society, Spiritual enlightenment, Success, surprise, Taxes, Themes, Time, town, Tragedy, Trust, Truth, two solutions, Understanding., Universal, Universal Conflicts, Universal Emotions, Universal Themes, valour, Vengeance, Village, Vulnerability, war, Writing